Kinds Of Fire Suppression Systems

Posted on: 4 August 2023

Fire suppression systems are integral to the safety of various structures, from residential buildings to commercial premises and industrial facilities. These systems are designed to detect and control fires, limiting damage and preventing loss of life. Here's an overview of some of the key types of fire suppression systems available. 

Water-Based Fire Suppression Systems

The most common and widely recognized fire suppression systems are water-based. This category includes sprinkler systems, which are triggered when high heat melts the link in a sprinkler head, causing it to release water. 

There are different types of sprinkler systems including wet pipe, dry pipe, pre-action, and deluge, each suited to different environments and fire risks.

Gas-Based Fire Suppression Systems

Gas-based fire suppression systems extinguish fires by reducing the oxygen level in a room to a point where combustion is no longer possible, or by interrupting the chemical reaction needed for fire. 

Some systems are designed to be safe for occupied spaces and are often used in environments with sensitive equipment that could be damaged by water, such as data centers or archives.

Foam Fire Suppression Systems

Foam fire suppression systems mix water with foam concentrate to form a foam solution that cools the fire and coats the fuel, preventing its contact with oxygen. These systems are particularly effective for fires involving flammable or combustible liquids and are commonly used in hangars, fuel storage facilities, and chemical plants.

Dry Chemical Suppression Systems

Dry chemical suppression systems use a fine powder to smother fires, interrupting the chemical reaction. These systems are often used in commercial kitchens, as they're effective against grease fires that can't be extinguished by water. They are also commonly used in industrial settings where flammable liquids and gases are present.

Wet Chemical Suppression Systems

Wet chemical suppression systems use a fine mist to cool the surface of a fire and remove heat. These systems are specifically designed for kitchen applications, as the mist reacts with cooking oils and fats to create a foam-like layer, cutting off the fire's oxygen supply.

Clean Agent Fire Suppression Systems

Clean agent systems use environmentally friendly, non-conductive gases to extinguish fires without causing damage to electronic equipment or leaving behind residue. They are typically used in environments with sensitive equipment, such as server rooms and telecommunications facilities.

Aerosol Fire Suppression Systems

A relatively recent development in fire suppression technology, aerosol systems are emerging as an effective solution for certain types of fire hazards. These systems use a solid compound that, when activated, produces a cloud of fine potassium-based particles. These particles interact with the fire at a microscopic level, interrupting the chemical reaction and effectively extinguishing the flames.

Contact a local service to learn more about fire suppression systems